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常见比较级和最高级的用法归纳

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常见比较级和最高级的用法归纳

  比较级就是将二者进行比较产生的词形,是由形容词或副词原级转化而来,一般是在原级后面加er,最高级表示三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时,用最高级。下面是小编精心整理的常见比较级和最高级的用法归纳,欢迎大家分享。

  一、比较级和最高级的构成:

  ①单音节形容词以及少数以er,ow结尾的形容词和副词加“er”,“est”.例如:great,greater,greatest;fast,faster,fastest;clever,cleverer,cleverest;narrow,narrower,narrowest

  ②以一个辅音字母结尾的单音节形容词,其前的元音字母发短元音时,该辅音字母要双写,然后加“er”,“est”.例如:hot,hotter,hottest;big,bigger,biggest

  ③以e结尾的单音节形容词和副词,以及少数以ble,ple结尾的.双音节形容词和副词后,加“r”,“st”.例如:large,larger,largest;able,abler,ablest;simple,simpler,simplest

  ④以辅音字母加y结尾的形容词和少数不是形容词加ly构成的副词,要将y改为i,再加“er”,“est”.例如:easy,easier,easiest;early,earlier,earliest

  ⑤一般双音节词、多音节形容词和副词在原级前加more或most.例如:beautiful,more beautiful,most beautiful;carefully,more carefully,most carefully

  ⑥少数单音节形容词如real,glad,fond,tired,pleased等也加more和most构成比较级和最高级.例如:tired,more tired;most tired,pleased,more pleased,most pleased.

  ⑦下列形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的构成不规则:good(well),better,best;bad(ill,badly),worse,worst;many(much),more,most;little,less,least

  farther farthest

  far---further---furthest

  old elder/older eldest/oldest

  ⑧下列形容词与副词的比较级和最高级有两种构成方法:

  crueler cruelest oftener oftenest

  cruel{ often{

  more cruel most cruel more often most often

  stricter strictest friendlier friendliest

  strict{ friendly{

  more strict most strict more friendly most friendly

  二、两种比较级(最高级)形式用法上的差别:

  C very much意为greatly(非常)时,在肯定句中使用比较广泛.

  常和它一起用的词有blame(责备),praise(赞扬),thank(感谢)及一些表达感情的动词:admire(钦佩),amuse(使娱悦),approve(赞成),dislike(不喜欢),distress(使烦恼),enjoy(喜爱),impress(使有深刻印象),like(喜欢),object(反对),shock(震惊),surprise(使惊奇)等等:

  Thank you very much.

  非常感谢你.

  They admired him very much.

  他们很钦佩他.

  She objects very much to the noise they make.

  她非常反对他们弄出的噪音.

  much(=greatly非常)可以和very连用,也可以省去very而与下列分词连用:admired(受钦佩的),amused(娱悦的),dis-liked(不受喜欢的),distressed(烦恼的), impressed(留有……印象的),liked(受喜欢的),shocked(被震惊的),struck(受巨大影响的),upset(心烦意乱的).

  He was(very) much admired.

  他很受人钦佩.

  She was (very) much impressed by their good manners.

  他们彬彬有礼,给她留下了深深的影响.

  D much意为a lot(许多)时能够修饰形容词的比较级和最高级及动词:

  much better好多了

  much the best最最好

  much more quickly快多了

  much too可与形容词的原级连用:

  He spoke much too fast.

  他说话说得太快了.

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